How to Find Your Way Among the Popular Types of Leadership Styles?
Leadership plays an important role in the evolvement processes of any company. If there is no effective and charismatic leader, then a company probably has some difficulties with efficient work.
In fact, any organization is created aiming to reach particular goals through a group of people. Leadership is about appropriate control of this group.
Leadership is a fluid skill as people always change and improve the ways in which they help the company grow.
In order to become better leaders in the future, you need to know where you stand today. Here we combine the most common types of leadership styles to help you better understand the impact each type provides.
“The single biggest way to impact an organization is to focus on leadership development. There is almost no limit to the potential of an organization that recruits good people, raises them up as leaders and continually develops them.”
Why is it important to define the leadership style?
Trying to develop leadership skills, people use powerful collaboration tools, apply different methods and approaches to achieve the employer’s objectives and meet the needs of the employees who report to them. One of the best ways is to use different leadership styles, mixing them until the best option be obvious.
Even familiarizing yourself with various leadership types, you will have a chance to recognize certain areas to improve or expand your leadership skills. The variety of styles will help to better understand how to work with managers who prefer a different style than your own.
And, you know, leadership has many faces…
So, what are the different styles of leadership?
10 Most Common Types of Leadership Styles
This kind of leadership style is commonly effective and brings good results. The success of the leader totally depends on each team member. He/she makes decisions according to the input of each individual in the team and always cares about feedback from the team before making a decision.
It works for the common team productivity as team members feel their voice is heard so this kind of leadership style is often credited with fostering higher levels of workplace satisfaction and employee engagement.
Democratic leadership suits perfectly for organizations focused on creativity and innovation because it drives constant discussions and participation.
Autocratic leadership is losing its popularity as it looks like the full inverse of popular and high-demanded democratic leadership.
According to this leadership style, the leader makes decisions without the participation of others. Employees have to adhere to all decisions set by the manager. For example, the manager may change the working schedule for employees without consulting them.
Most companies clearly understand that such a style leads to losing employees. It’s best to keep leadership more open to the intellect and perspective of the rest of the team. However, autocratic leadership can be suited to environments with a lack of creativity where a routine job requires limited skills.
Leaders who advocate strategic leadership act at the intersection between the key operations of the company and its growth opportunities. They are responsible for executive interests, at the same time ensuring that working conditions remain stable for all team members.
Nowadays many companies apply this leadership style as strategic thinking management accommodates multiple types of employees.
Hands-off (or laissez-faire) leadership is the opposite style to the autocratic approach. It mostly focuses on delegating tasks to employees and providing almost no supervision.
This leader does not spend a lot of time managing team members that is why they often have time to be dedicated to other projects.
Hands-off leadership is appropriate when employees are well trained, highly experienced, and require little control. However, there were many cases when this style caused a dip in productivity.
A leader-coach can quickly recognize the team members’ strengths and weaknesses and motivate them for individual improvements.
Coaching leaders help employees set smart goals and provide regular feedback with challenging projects. All these promote growth.
This leadership style looks beneficial for both managers and the employees they manage. However, companies do not hurry to utilize it as this approach because it can be more time-intensive than other leadership types.
The meaning of transformational leadership is similar to the Coach style as it focuses on goal-setting, communication, and employee motivation.
However, the leader that performs according to this approach is driven by a commitment to company objectives, not by team members’ individual goals.
Transformational leadership suits the teams that can handle many delegated tasks without permanent supervision; as such leaders spend much time on the big picture. Many companies believe in this leadership approach as it motivates individuals to see what they’re capable of.
This approach is also rather common for many organizations today. Transactional leaders reward their team members for precisely the work they do. The examples are sales or marketing teams that get a bonus for generating a planned number of leads by the end of the quarter.
Working with a transactional manager, employees may receive an incentive plan that will motivate them to master regular job duties quickly.
The transactional leadership style clearly establishes roles and responsibilities for every team player. However, many professionals think that transactional leadership is not the best leadership style for driving creativity.
Bureaucratic leadership approach admits considering the input of team members, unlike the autocratic leadership style. However, the bureaucratic manager can easily reject this input if it conflicts with company policy or previous practices.
The model of bureaucratic leadership is typically implemented in highly regulated administrative environments, where it is important to adherence to the rules and the hierarchy.
You may find bureaucratic leaders at larger, older, or traditional companies, for example in the healthcare sphere.
You may find many common things comparing this kind of leadership with the transformational managing style. Both approaches rely on the personality and positive charm of the leader.
However, the leader that acts according to the charismatic style is usually less favorable in modern companies, because the success of projects is closely linked to the presence of the leader.
The situational leadership style is the approach meaning the appliance of different styles depending on the environment.
Working on their leading strategy, situational leaders usually consider such factors as worker seniority, the current business process and the complexity of relevant tasks. These factors play an essential role in what leadership style should be adopted for any given situation.
However, for many managers, it’s quite difficult to switch between roles and they consider this process challenging, preferring natural leadership styles.
Wrapping it up
Any leader should be confident, but some of them can get into trouble assuming that they can deal alone with every situation.
Advanced leaders listen to others. They try to keep an open mind when someone proposes alternative solutions to a problem. A person alone can not know it all – there are always opportunities to learn.
We’ve described the most relevant and popular leadership styles. If you are aware of other different leadership styles, feel free to drop a comment below and share your opinion about it.